Electric vehicles are critical to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. New Brunswick has the third highest per capita GHG emissions in Canada, which is also above the national average. New Brunswick’s transportation sector is responsible for approximately 30 per cent of these emissions. Replacing a conventional vehicle with an electric vehicle in New Brunswick can reduce vehicle-related GHGs by up to 75% while also reducing air pollutants such as NO2, SO2, particulate matter and VOCs. These reductions in air pollutants are measurable and are necessary to improve respiratory health.
Electric vehicles will also play an important role in the future of sustainable electricity and could serve as a vital component of NB Power's Reduce and Shift Demand (RASD) Smart Grid program, as well as other utilities’ load management.
Electric vehicle technology is currently New Brunswick’s best option for reducing NB’s transportation-related GHG emissions. The benefits – for both the climate and New Brunswickers – are clear. A strategy is needed to promote and educate the public on these benefits as well as develop policies and incentives which will help the transition from vehicles with internal combustion engines to electric vehicles.
 Government of Canada, 2014. Canada’s Emission Trends 2014. Retrieved from: http://ec.gc.ca/ges-ghg/default.asp?lang=En&n=E0533893-1&offset=5&toc=show#toc56.
 Government of New Brunswick (GNB), 2014. New Brunswick Climate Change Action Plan 2014-2020. Province of New Brunswick, New Brunswick, Canada.
 US Department of Transportation, 2010. Transportation’s Role in Reducing U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Volume 1. Wasington, DC, USA. Retrieved from: http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/32000/32700/32779/DOT_Climate_Change_Report_-_April_2010_-_Volume_1_and_2.pdf.